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analysis and comparison with lung cancer and COPD Multiple independent loci at chromosome 15q25.1 affect smoking quantity: A meta-analysis and comparison with lung cancer and COPD Saccone, Nancy L., Culverhouse, Robert C., Schwantes-An, Tae-Hwi, Cannon, Dale S., Chen, Xiangning, Cichon, Sven, Giegling, Ina, Han, Shizhong, Han, Younghun, Keskitalo-Vuokko, Kaisu, Kong, Xiangyang, Landi, Maria Teresa, Ma, Jennie Z., Short, Susan E., Stephens, Sarah H., Stevens, Victoria L., Sun, Lingwei, Wang, Yufei, Wenzlaff, Angela S., Aggen, Steven H., Breslau, Naomi, Broderick, Peter, Chatterjee, Nilanjan, Chen, Jingchun, Heath, Andrew C., Heliovaara, Markku, Hoft, Nicole R., Hunter, David J., Jensen, Majken K., Martin, Nicholas G., Montgomery, Grant W., Niu, Tianhua, Payne, Thomas J., Peltonen, Leena, Pergadia, Michele L., Rice, John P., Sherva, Richard, Spitz, Margaret R., Sun, Juzhong, Wang, Jen C., Weiss, Robert B., Weiss, Robert B., Wheeler, William, Witt, Stephanie H., Yang, Bao-Zhu, Caporaso, Neil E., Ehringer, Marissa A., Eisen, Tim, Gapstur, Susan M., Gelernter, Joel, Houlston, Richard, Kaprio, Jaakko, Kendler, Kenneth S., Kraft, Peter, Leppert, Mark F., Li, Ming D., Madden, Pamela A. F., Nothen, Markus M., Pillai, Sreekumar, Rietschel, Marcella, Rujescu, Dan, Schwartz, Ann, Amos, Christopher I. and Bierut, Laura J. (2010) Multiple independent loci at chromosome 15q25.1 affect smoking quantity: A meta-analysis and comparison with lung cancer and COPD. PLoS Genetics, 6 8: 1-16. In particular, association with the nonsynonymous CHRNA5 SNP rs16969968 and correlates has been replicated in several independent studies. Extensive genotyping of this region has suggested additional statistically distinct signals for nicotine dependence, tagged by rs578776 and rs588765. One goal of the Consortium for the Genetic Analysis of Smoking Phenotypes (CGASP) is to elucidate the associations among these markers and dichotomous smoking quantity (heavy versus light smoking), lung cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We performed a meta-analysis across 34 datasets of European-ancestry subjects, including 38,617 smokers who were assessed for cigarettes-per-day, 7,700 lung cancer cases and 5,914 lung-cancer-free controls (all smokers), and 2,614 COPD cases and 3,568 COPD-free controls (all smokers). We demonstrate statistically independent associations of rs16969968 and rs588765 with smoking (mutually adjusted p-values

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